succeeded to hold together by the observance of tribal balance. Huwan
entity was a melting pot representing the Somali nation as a whole and
was a symbol of inspiration and national empowerment. While other Somali
territories' caved-in to imperialistic bullying and misdirection,
Somaliland stayed stead fast on the Somali traditional course.
USP coalition that spearheaded the independence reflects the true tribal
balance that can work for Somaliland statehood and brotherhood.
Egal-Riyale ticket represents the continuation of this balance. That is
why, despite all odds Somaliland is still going strong.
upcoming presidential election is characterized by kilkenny cat fighting
Negatively pugnacious tactics of public opinion mobilization as if
fighting an alien monster or Dracula.
“TOLA-AYEY” threats and warnings galore.
mouthing and accusations are below the belt.
flexing ultimatums snipe left and right. Such super tribe posturing
could be counter productive.
chair fever is a common ailment at all fronts and is a “must win”
venture. Ousting the incumbent under tribal duress would end up in
the upcoming election is Presidential and Presidential only, the
bottomless mudslinging spree makes no exceptions and encompasses the
totality of state leadership.
ethics and decorum are stripped from election campaigns and their
outcome, anarchy is let loose to take charge.
easy to talk and act irresponsibly, but going overboard could lead
to disastrous consequences. The fashionable TOLA-AYEY syndrome,
could turn ugly at the end of the day.
“hot chair” fits one person and one person only, but Somaliland can
cater for all, irrespective of who is who. National integrity and
stability is sacred.
“TOLA-AYEY” went too far in disturbing the public odium. It might,
by design or default disrupts the peace, stability, and social
tranquility: the trump card qualities that Somaliland cannot lose.
record, two of the franchised political parties clubbed together, to
deny the Dhulbahante, with all its tribal and humanitarian weight, the
traditional quota of the Speaker of the House. Consequently, the
Dhulbahante today is an auxiliary of “Ucid” . Ironically, while “Ucid”
is a denomination with no tangible parameters, yet it is
constitutionally public politician number one, public attorney number
one, and public speaker number one. Superseding, in the process, the
tribes and the traditional leaders, the national elite and, indeed all
those who matter in public opinion making of Somaliland. Because of
these diminishing factors, with no rhyme or rhythm, the bulk of
Dhulbahante and Warsangeli tribes rebelled. Others might follow suit if
victimized, in the same manner, by the laughable legal loopholes in the
non-inclusive constitution. The constitution was a temporary filling,
originally envisaged as an emergency prerogative of the Founding Father,
President Mohamed I Egal upon his election by unanimous tribal consensus
in Borama, to reconstruct Somaliland, of his dream, along state like
audacity of tribal affiliations masqueraded as political parties to
endeavor disfranchising the tribal pillars of Somaliland like the
Dhulbahante, who cleansed Somaliland from colonization and Christianity
roots in their Darwishade(crusade) against the British, is myopic
maangaabnimo( will-o’-wisp)!! It was their gallantry and unwavering
tenacity in keeping the impetus of the war for two decades that earned
the metaphor “Somalis are the Irish men of Africa.”
were in Somaliland for seventy years, broken down as follows:
the end of the 19th century, the British signed protection treaties
with all Somaliland tribes except with Dhulbahante. The corner stone
of these treaties was that the British cannot and would not transfer
Somali territory to any foreign power, and that they would protect
the territorial integrity and brotherhood of the Somali people.
beginning of the 20th century, the Dhulbahante were fighting the
British in darwishade (crusade) wars for twenty one years. Result:
the Christian missionaries abandoned their presence in Dhaymoole
settlement in the Guban area of the Berbera District. Furthermore,
Somaliland was recognized as a protectorate rather then a colony
1920-1945 a limbo period in which the British were recovering from
world war 1 damages and focusing on the 2nd world war. Ina Igare
a Kenyan Somali from H.Y belonging was the interim proxy for the
1945-1952 the Dhulbahante were an autonomous entity under Court Akil
administration. The British presence was confined to a District
Commissioner who executed the decisions of the Court Akil, composed
of all Dhulbahante leadership.
early 40’s Haji Omer Amay, a Dhulbahante tribal leader of high
standing, was assassinated in Burao by H.Y tribe elements. Burao was
at the time a district for Dolb, H.Y, H.T, Essa Musa.
British offered the Dolb tribe the Ber village, twenty eight
miles southward, to be their district in lieu of Burao.
Incidentally, Garad Jama Garad Ali was crowned in Ber
village which was Dolb grazing territory at the time.
tribal intrigue the British were convinced to seat the Dolb.
District in Nugal area. That is how the Dolb were pushed back 160
miles southward to Las-Anod.
In 1950 Sir
Gerald Reece was appointed as the Governor of Somaliland. He
introduced the local authority status, leading to eventual
independence. This option legalized the inclusion of the Dolb into
the protection bandwagon.
In 1955 the Hawd
Reserved Area were transferred to Ethiopia. National uprising
ensued, and in the process the National United Front (N.U.F) was
instituted to fight for the cause.
The N.U.F fought
on the platform that “part of the Commonwealth was transferred to
a foreign power”. This was seen as a betrayal of the Somali
cause, since the term of Commonwealth could give legitimacy to the
British action. Most Somali Landers withdrew support from the N.U.F,
under Michael Mariano, and in fluxed into the Somali National League
(S.N.L) under the leadership of M.I.Egal, a wealthy business man
from the great tribe of Habr Awal.
the British expressed preparedness to concede independence and closer
association with Somalia, if Somaliland so desired.
1960 the SNL and the United Somali Party(U.S.P) formed the coalition
that lead the independence and unconditional union with the south
forming the Somali Republic.
coalition was based on equal footing. The ministerial portfolio was
divided in equal equation. That is how Somaliland came into being as an
independent nation of equal destiny through thick and thin. Equality
breads brotherhood and statehood.
this defining moment Somaliland must be real.
We came a
long way and can’t risk taking time by its tail and upsetting the
balance. The traditional practice of tribal balance works. No
July 18, 2009