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Somalia terrorist groups uniting to overthrow government

Issue 392

Front Page

News Headlines

Leaders Of House Of Elders And Parliament Oppose Election Commission’s Decision To Suspend Voter List

Upper House Debates Election Prospects

Himilo And Norwegian Singer Arrive In Somaliland

Mooge Festival Highlights

Ileys Ready For The New Academic Year

Amoud’s 8th Graduation Ceremony

Woman Given Fine And Suspended Sentence For Importing Alcohol

Erigabo’s Shifa Hospital Expansion

Somaliland Expels Interpeace Officer, President Vows Election Without Voter Registration Process

Local and Regional Affairs

Former Somali Senior Military Officials To Meet In Washington, DC

Press Release: Democratization Programme Steering Committee

Somalia: Not Only a Sovereignty But Also Its Political Process Needs to Be Free From Interference

SABC AFRICA Interviews former Somaliland Forum Mr. Jamal Ali Hussein

US Congressman Snubs Somaliland Foreign Minister But Meets with KULMIYE’s Foreign Secretary

Somaliland – Arbitrary Arrest And Detention Of Two Journalists Human Rights Defenders Mr Ahmed Saleban Dhuhul And Mr Sayid Osman Mire

Press release:- Somaliland Liaison Office Washington DC Ministerial visit

Ethiopia, Somaliland envisage exploiting Berbera port

EU Ministers Adopted Conclusions On Somalia

SOMALILAND UPDATE: Radio Journalists Arrested Two Weeks Ago For Allegedly Inciting Inter-Clan Violence in Broadcast Appear in Court for Third Time

Five Somalis Sentenced to Death In Absentia For Bombs

Livelihoods at risk as drought worsens in western Somaliland

US: Clinton Should Stress Human Rights on Africa Trip

US Prepared to Give Further Aid to Somali Government


Congress’s Investigation Of Donald Payne Exposes His Corruption And Hypocrisy

Features & Commentary

Evaluation Of The Somaliland Voter Registration System: Presentation To The Political Parties’ Technical Representatives

What Would A Further Delay In The Presidential Election Mean To Somaliland?

Western Aid Can Help Stabilize Africa

Refugees fleeing Somalia were tricked into coming to Nepal. Now, they can’t leave.

Why Somalia Is In Need Of An Effective Government

The Bum and the Khat Affect (Short Story)
Foreign Troops Should Leave Somalia
Missing Minn. Somalis: Aspiring Fighters Or Dupes?
Petronas To Drill First Well In Ogaden

Secretary-General’s Special Representative, Briefing Security Council, Appeals For Immediate International Action To Stabilize Somalia

Somalia: A Convenient Cash Cow for all.

Hargeysa: Of Goats And Great Hope

Summaries Of Statements Made To The Security Council Meeting On Somalia

President Issayas reaffirms his own place in the world

International News


Al-Jazeera staff threatened in Yemen

Woman faces trial for wearing pants


Reliability and Credibility of AllAfrica.com News Coverage in Somaliland and Somalia

What Is It in a Name?

Somaliland: Understanding the crisis

Somaliland Recognition: Troubled Waters Ahead

How Somaliland Could Win The Upcoming Election

Home Sweet Home, Somaliland My Home.

Chicago Geopolitics Examiner

Two terrorist organizations conducted merger talks in Somalia on Friday, as al-Qaeda-backed jihadist group Al-Shabaab and international terrorist organization Hizbul Islam (Party of Islam) discussed uniting as one entity to wage jihad against the Somali government and its allies. This would be a treacherous development for not only Somalia and its people, but a major strategic setback for the international community.

Somalia is vulnerable, lacking a functioning central government since President Siad Barre was ousted in 1991, it is currently ranked number one in Foreign Policy Magazine’s 2009 Global Failing States Index. The encouraging news is that the African Union, United Nations and Somalia met today in Mogadishu and launched a Joint Security Committee aimed at coordinating efforts to bolster Somalia’s security institutions. One wonders if this will be sufficient and if Somalia and the supporting international forces will be prepared to defend against the likely coming onslaught from the combined terrorist units.

The goal of the merger is to consolidate resources, better leverage financing, and streamline operations in order to topple the weak Somali government. The merger would also expand al-Qaeda’s power base and its influence within Somalia and the Horn of Africa.

Somalia has been a major strategic front for al-Qaeda in their battle to rid Western democracies from Africa, highlighted by the fact that Osama bin Laden and his second in command, Ayman al Zawahiri, have included Somalia in their propaganda tapes, and have supported the Somali jihad with funding, personnel, and weapons.

The central Somali government might be ripe for the picking because outside of a few portions of Mogadishu, it has little control over the rest of its own country. Shabaab and Hizbul Islam control the southern and central provinces, as illustrated in The Long View Journal’s “political map” shown inSomalia's Geopolitical Profile.


Current Leadership

Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmad, President
Elected in January 2008, initially seen as a strong leader who could potentially raise the country out of its current state, but his reliance on Ethiopian military to fight back insurgents has led to loss of credibility and authority. The government has lost nearly complete control of the country.

Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, Prime Minister
His father was the second civilian President, assassinated in 1969 before Siad Barre came to power. Mr. Sharmarke is unique because he was raised in the US and Canada.

Somalia:  Historical Highlights since 1969

Soviet Relations.  Soon after taking power in 1969 after a coup that led to the assassination of Abdi Rashid Ali Shermarke, Muhammad Siad Barre declared Somalia a socialist state and began to develop close relations with the Soviet Union. This relationship was shattered when Somalia tried to invade and seize the Ogaden region of Ethiopia. In 1977, the Soviets and Cubans helped Ethiopia defeat Somalia.
Lawlessness.  After President Barre was overthrown in 1991, the opposing parties failed to install a steady leader, and the country dipped into constant civil unrest, lawlessness and clan warfare. In that same year, the north-west part of Somalia declared itself the independent Republic of Somaliland, and although it is not recognized as a state by international bodies, it has enjoyed more stability relative to the rest of Somalia.

Black Hawk Down.  In was during this lawless period when U.S. Army Rangers were famously killed by Somali militants when they shot down a helicopter during a battle in Mogadishu, an incident that was later depicted in the film “Black Hawk Down”. This helped thwart an attempt by United Nations peacekeepers to restore order and feed the starving population. The U.S. mission ended in March 1994, and UN peacekeepers withdrew in 1995.

Ethiopian Support.  In 2004 the diverse factions came together to finally establish a parliament and appoint a president, but the new administration had a difficult time governing the clan fiefdoms. And then in 2006 Islamic fundamentalist took control of most of the southern portion of Somalia, including Mogadishu, although, backed by Ethiopian forces, a government faction did take back control at year’s end. Two years later, in 2008, Shabaab and other Islamic insurgents beat Ethiopian and Somali government forces to take back most of southern Somalia.

Rise of Shabaab.  In January of 2009, Ethiopia withdrew forces and Somalia’s parliament had to meet in neighboring Djibouti to swear in members from the main opposition movement, the Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS), and appointed moderate Islamist Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmad as the new president. Yet, the government's position weakened further, and in May of this year Shabaab and Hizbul Islam launched an attack on the capital forcing President Ahmad to desperately ask for help from abroad. This is why we now see the intervention of the African Union and Western powers

(Source: Long Journal )




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