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Issue 503/ 17th - 23rd Sept 2011

Front Page

Somaliland News

News Headlines

Fadumo Saeed Draws Attention To The Plight Of Homeless Children

Dr Ise Abdi Jama Urges Somaliland Physicians To Work Diligently, Warns Against Personal Attacks

Journalists Continue To Be Targeted In Somaliland

Local and Regional Affairs

Somaliland Appeals Court Confirms Fine For Newspaper Editor

Attackers Shoot Journalist In Somalia

Rwandan Artists Sing Their Big Hearts For Somalia

Air Raids Heard In Southern Somalia

Somalia Crisis Has Cost World $55 Billion Since 1991 - Report

Al-Shabaab Allows Turks To Deliver Relief

Three Terrorist Groups In Africa Pose Threat To U.S., American Commander Says


The Business Of Famine In South Somalia

Features & Commentary

Session: Africa’s Challenge: South Sudan And Beyond

Twenty Years Of Collapse And Counting: The Cost Of Failure In Somalia

Somalia: On the Road to Recovery or Déjà vu?

Travelers Should Beware Of Pirates

A Man-Made Disaster: How Militant Islamism, The War Against Terror And Famine Are Connected In Somalia

International News


Is There A Country Called “Somalia”? A Widespread Misconception

Etihad, This Amazing Airline Deserves Attention!

The Triumph Of Democracy And Good Governance In Somaliland

Current Status Of Forests And Woodlands In Somaliland: (Threats And Opportunities)


Somalia Crisis Has Cost World $55 Billion Since 1991 - Report

London, UK, September 17, 2011 – Most humanitarians see the dire situation in Somalia as the worst possible combination of circumstances. War, poverty, displacement, drought, famine - not to mention pirates and Islamist rebels who don’t like foreign aid workers.
Somalia has the lot. Somalia is, well....Somalia (cue: deep sigh and despairing shrug).
Years of anarchy since the fall of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991, combined with frequent drought and rampant inflation, have turned Somalia into one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.
Back in the early 1990s, civil war and famine killed some 250,000 people.
More recently, the rise of indigenous Islamist movements in southern Somalia has rekindled fears the lawless territory might become a safe haven for al Qaeda and other groups branded as terrorists.
To top it all, a severe drought since late last year has left 4 million Somalis in need of food aid, with hundreds dying every day due to the famine in the south, at least half of them children.
Just how much do 20 years of state failure and recurring disasters like this cost, both in human and monetary terms?
A report from One Earth Future Foundation and the Center for American Progress attempts to quantify the destruction and misery. “The cost of Somalia’s ruin is nothing short of staggering,” it says.
It estimates - conservatively, it notes - that the international community, including the Somali diaspora, has collectively spent just over $55 billion responding to Somalia since 1991.
Here are some facts and figures from “Twenty years of collapse: The cost of failure in Somalia”, which draws on a wide range of U.N. and other data:
Major financial costs to the international community since 1991. Total: $55.3 billion, consisting of:
- Humanitarian and development aid - $13 billion
- Remittances - $11.2 billion
- Peacekeeping, military responses/aid, counter-terror and diplomacy - $7.3 billion
- Piracy - $22 billion
- International crime and illicit financial flows - $2 billion
- Direct bilateral assistance to the government which disappeared in 2009 and 2010 (according to a confidential audit of the Somali government) - 96 percent
Major human costs of Somalia since 1991:
- Deaths - 450,000 to 1.5 million
- Refugees - more than 800,000
- Internally displaced people - more than 1.5 million
Other facts
- Average length of the term of a Somali prime minister since 2000 - 11.9 months
- Annual revenue of Islamist rebel group al Shabaab (U.N. estimate) - $70 million-$100 million
- Difference in life expectancy between a citizen of Japan and Somalia - 32.2 years
- Average number of births per Somali woman - 6.3
- Odds that a Somali child will die before their fifth birthday - 1 in 7.4
“Somalia remains a tragic case study of the international community getting it wrong repeatedly,” the report argues.
The U.S. government is heavily criticised for its “wilful disregard for sensible diplomacy”, including propping up the regime of Siad Barre in the 1980s and supporting a “disastrous” 2006 Ethiopian invasion.
“At a time when the fiscal climate in Washington is extraordinarily difficult...it is all the more vital that we approach conflicts like Somalia with sensible long-term strategies rather than knee-jerk responses,” the report concludes. “The cost of any other approach is simply too high.”
The full report can be downloaded from the Center for American Progress website. AlertNet has a crisis briefing that explains the background to Somalia’s crisis
Source: AlertNet







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